Dr Robert Besseling founded specialist intelligence company EXX Africa in 2015, after pursuing a decade-long career in political risk forecasting at industry-leading firms in the UK and US. Robert retains the lead on many consulting projects for blue chip corporations in a wide variety of sectors. EXX Africa is incorporated in Mauritius, and based in Johannesburg and London, with a network of trusted analysts and dedicated sources across the African continent and beyond. He is regularly invited to speak at major international conferences and frequently moderates ministerial panels, having interviewed multiple African heads of state and government during his career. Robert holds an MA (Hons.) in History from the University of St. Andrews in Scotland. He also holds an MBA and a PhD in African political and economic history.